Winnipesaukee Environmental & Community Action Network

Septic Evaluation and Replacement Programs

Septic System Evaluation Forms/Programs

New Hampshire – Board of Septic System Evaluators: As of 2018, only licensed septic system evaluators may determine whether a system is properly functioning or in failure. The Septic System Evaluation and Certification Form approved by NHDES in 2013 for the Lake Waukewan Septic System Initiative in Meredith, NH, is a good example of what a typical evaluation will involve.

Connecticut: The State of Connecticut does not certify septic system inspectors, nor are there mandatory inspection procedures that all inspectors follow. Therefore, the Connecticut Environmental Health Association created the Connecticut Recommended Existing Septic System Inspection Report

New Jersey: The Technical Guidance for Inspections of Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems manual was developed by a committee of onsite wastewater professions including the NJDEP to provide guidance to professionals who inspect septic systems during real estate transactions.

North Carolina: The North Carolina Onsite Wastewater Contractor Inspector Certification Board developed an inspection form containing the requirements of the Inspector Standards of Practice.

Oregon: The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality requires the use of an Existing System Evaluation Report (ESER) for septic system inspections. This new form helps to standardize the way in which septic system inspections are performed and reported and helps to make homeowners aware of all the components of a comprehensive septic system inspection.

Illinois: Private Sewage Evaluation Form

Georgia: Septic system inspection and compliance statement

Washington: Washington’s DOH created a do-it-yourself field guide for homeowners.

Septic System Replacement Programs

New Hampshire: The Lake Waukewan Septic System Initiative was a cost-share program conducted in Meredith, NH. The model template provides the guidelines, application, and procedures used during this program.

Maryland – Bay Restoration Fund

  • Developed as a way to create a dedicated fund, financed by wastewater treatment plant users ($5/month/household), to upgrade Maryland’s wastewater treatment plants with enhanced nutrient removal technology.
  • Similar fee paid by septic system users ($60 annual fee) is utilized to upgrade onsite systems and implement cover crops to reduce nutrient loading to the Bay
  • Total estimate program income for septic system users is estimated to be $27 million per year
  • 60% of funds are used to upgrade septic systems; remaining 40% put towards cover crops
  • Priority is given to failing septic systems in Critical Areas and funds can be provided or upgrades of existing systems to best available technology for nitrogen removal or the marginal cost of using best available technology.

New York – Septic System Replacement Fund

  • Developed by the New York State Environmental Facilities Corporation to provide a source of funding for the replacement of cesspools and septic systems in New York State
  • Seeks to reduce the environmental and public health impacts associated with the discharge of effluent cesspools and septic systems on groundwater.
  • The state Department of Environmental Conservation and Health determines priority geographic areas where the program will provide grants for eligible septic system projects.
  • Counties in which priority geographic areas are located can access monies from the fund to provide grants to reimburse property owners for up to 50% of the eligible costs (up to a maximum of $10,000)
  • Website contains several forms including a letter to eligible homeowners, application forms, and sample grant proposal letters.

Oregon – McKensie Watershed Landowner Incentive

  • Septic Maintenance Incentive reimburses the homeowner $250 of the cost to inspect and pump out the septic system once every 3 years as a way of proactively protecting water quality.

Pennsylvania – Loan Program

  • The Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency, the Pennsylvania Infrastructure Investment Authority, and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection offers loans at a maximum of $25,000 to eligible homeowners who need maintenance or replacement of their septic system or who which to connect to a public sewer system.

Kentucky – PRIDE Homeowner Septic System Grant Program

  • Gives low-income homeowners the opportunity to replace their straight pipes, outhouses or failing septic systems with sanitary wastewater treatment systems required by state and federal laws
  • Based on PRIDE’s founding principle that each resident of southern and eastern Kentucky is personally responsible for the environment
  • Helps people who want to act responsibly but cannot afford to do so

Massachusetts – Community Septic Management Program

  • Community Septic Management Program: Provides funding of up to $200,000 in the form of low cost loans to allow communities to devise a Community Inspection Plan or a Local Septic Management Plan. Both plants must always include the provision of financial assistance to homeowners using betterment agreements.
  • Community Inspection Plan: The community devises a plan to protect environmentally sensitive areas from contamination from septic systems. Inspections must be performed every seven years and relieves covered property owners of their obligation to have the septic system inspected upon transfer of ownership.
  • Local Septic Management Plan: Identifies, monitors, and addresses proper operation, maintenance, and upgrade of septic systems in a comprehensive manner. This plan does not require periodic inspection, nor relieves the obligation to have the system inspected at time of property transfer.
  • Betterment Loans to Homeowners: After a community has adopted an inspection or management plan of its own and has been awarded the loan amount, it is now ready to provide financial assistance to homeowners within the community. A Betterment Agreement between the community and homeowner may be used for all costs necessary to repair or replace a failed septic system.

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